What Are the Different Types of Marijuana Plants?
Sativa These plants are tall and have long, narrow leaves. They’re usually grown outdoors. Because this strain contains more THC, it’s thought that sativa plants have more of a stimulant effect.
Indica These plants are short, have wider leaves, and are typically grown indoors. Indica plants, which have a higher cannabidiol content, are thought to be sedatives and have a more calming effect when taken medicinally. This type of marijuana is sometimes taken at night.
Hybrid A hybrid is a combination of both sativa and indica plants, and contains characteristics of the two.
Hemp This form of the cannabis plant is grown for fiber that can be used to make rope and textiles. Hemp seeds, like flax or chia seeds, contain protein and other beneficial nutrients.
But this form of cannabis won’t get you high — or as high — as sativa, indica, or hybrid strains, because it contains more CBD than THC (and very low levels of THC at that).
What Are the Different Ways People Consume Marijuana?
Marijuana can be consumed in the following ways.
Inhaling Smoke With this method, you pack a small amount of dried cannabis into a pipe or rolling paper. You then light it and inhale the smoke from the mouthpiece of the device.
While smoking marijuana is inexpensive and easy, it could be harmful to your lungs because many other toxins are produced by the creation of smoke.
Edibles You can infuse cannabis into butter or oil and cook it into lollipops, ice cream, gummy bears, mints, and chocolate bars.
Eating cannabis is a popular alternative to smoking it, though the potency of edibles varies immensely and can cause strong side effects that can last for hours.
Because it takes longer to absorb THC through digestion, it can take longer for the effects to take hold, and longer for them to wear off. (13)
Vaporizers To vaporize marijuana, a small amount of dried cannabis or cannabis extract is placed into a vaporizer machine to be inhaled.
This option allows you to inhale vapor instead of smoke. It’s thought that this method may be less harmful for the lungs than smoking, but more research needs to be done. (14)
CBD Oil This is made by extracting a resin from marijuana or hemp plants. Extractions from marijuana plants are much more potent and effective than extracts from hemp plants.
Tinctures or Sprays A tincture is a concentrated form of medical marijuana that’s often mixed with alcohol, glycerin, or a substance called medium chain triglyceride (MCT) oil. (MCT is found in coconut oil.)
You can squirt or spray the solution under your tongue. It can also be mixed with water or other beverages. A downside to using this method is that it can be expensive: Tinctures can cost up to $60 for a small bottle.
Patches A small patch can deliver marijuana through the skin. It’s most often worn on the wrist, foot, or ankle.
Single patches usually last up to eight hours.
Topical Products Salves, ointments, lotions, and oils can be used for aches and pains. These topical options don’t cause a “high.”
Dabbing In dabbing, a small amount of thick wax or oil containing plant-extracted THC is heated through a glass pipe and a metal rod with a butane torch.
This may not be a safe way to consume the drug because experts think that the chemicals involved in the preparation of the oils and the heat from the torch may create harmful toxins. (15)